Professor Belov has received two Ph.D. degrees—one in optics from ITMO University, Russia in 2003, and another in Radio Engineering from Helsinki University of Technology, Finland in 2006. In 2010 he defended his D.Sc. thesis (equivalent to Habilitation) at ITMO University, Russia.

He has worked in academia in UK (2005-2012), Finland (2001-2003), and Russia (1996-present time). Pavel has also earned extensive industrial experience while working for Nokia, Finland (2001-2003), Samsung Electronics, Korea (2004-2005), and consulting at the Bosch R&D center in Russia (2008-2009).

Currently, he is serving as Professor and Head of the Department of Nanophotonics and Metamaterials in ITMO University, Russia.